The National Congress of Parents and Teachers -- the National
Parent-Teacher Association -- is the largest volunteer child advocacy organization
in the United States. An organization of parents, teachers, students, and
other citizens active in their schools and communities, the PTA is a leader
in reminding our nation of its obligations to children. Nearly 7 million
people belong to this nonprofit, noncommercial, nonsectarian, and nonpartisan
The National PTA advocates before decision makers for children's
rights to better health, education, and well-being, working closely with
other national education and health agencies and organizations. It provides
current information and offers programs, guidance, publications, and training
to state and local PTA groups in developing family-centered programs and
encouraging parental involvement in all areas of a child's life.
For over 90 years, PTA has been leading the way in improving
the lives of America's children and youths. Parent education is a primary
part of PTA's philosophy and aids in the association's quest to protect
and encourage all children. PTA draws on the experience and input of its
membership and cooperating groups and shares what it has learned through
its programs, publications, and services.
Alaska PTA, with a current membership of approximately
(to be updated)
is a branch of the National PTA. It is organized into (to be updated) geographic districts, (to be updated)councils, and
more than (to be updated) local campus level PTAs. It is governed by a (to be updated)member board of directors, with
state headquarters at (to be updated)
The local PTA is a self-governing unit that plans its programs
and activities to meet the needs of children and youth in the community.
It is at the local level where the programs of service for children and
youths are put into action. All other PTA structure--councils, districts,
and states--are designed to promote and strengthen the work of the local
PTA (Parent Teacher Association)
is a state and national affiliated organization dedicated to advocacy for
all children. It has as resources other PTA units, state and national organizations,
a voice in state and national legislation, and a network capability with
seven million child advocates. PTA's work is based on the concept that many
groups with similar goals working for children are much more effective and
benefit more children than just a single organization working for the children
on one campus.
PTA dues are decided by the membership of the local unit
with (to be updated)
of the dues dedicated to Alaska PTA and (to
be updated) to the National PTA. All other monies are
used as the local unit desires and decides.
PTO (Parent Teacher Organization)
is a campus level advocacy group that deals primarily with issues arising
from its school. There is no affiliation with other PTOs, and there are
no state or national resources. Decisions and actions made by a PTO generally
affect only the children of its affiliated school.
PTO dues are determined by the local unit. Since PTOs are
independent of any state or national organization, all monies are kept in
No. Anyone who subscribes to the basic policies and Objects
of PTA is eligible for membership. Student members must be in the 9th grade
Yes. a PTA, by a vote of its general membership, can actively
support or oppose ballot issues (not candidates) which are consistent with
PTA's purpose -- to work for the health, welfare, safety, education, care
and protection of children and youth in the home, school, community and
place of worship. It is well within the purpose and mission of PTA to become
involved in school district bond issues.
No. This is an absolute prohibition by the Internal Revenue
Service. The IRS states that a PTA may not intervene or participate, either
directly or indirectly, in any campaign for any candidate for public office.
To maintain its tax-exempt status, PTAs must be very aware of this rule.
Yes. The IRS rules allow information nights where all
the candidates for a particular office are invited to speak to the public,
or the membership, about their qualifications for election to the office.
It is essential that all candidates be invited in order to avoid even the
appearance of partisanship or discrimination.
Yes. It is important for that person to separate the roles
(PTA officer from candidate; candidate from PTA officer) and wear only one
hat at a time. A candidate should not use his or her PTA affiliation to
further the campaign.
An audit is required at the end of each fiscal year or
any time authorized check signers change.
According to "Suggested Bylaws for Local Units,"
Article VII: Officers and Their Election, *Section to be updated: "Officers shall assume
their official duties following the close of the school year and shall serve
a term of to be updatedyear or until their successors are elected."
However, procedure books and materials must be given to newly-elected officers
no later than 15 days after they assume their duties.
No. The school safe belongs to the school district. When
PTA places its funds in the school safe, it has given up care, custody and
control of its funds. Always deposit PTA funds into the PTA's bank account
as quickly as possible; use the "night deposit" or "after-hours"
box at the bank if necessary..
Even though a bank may not check, this is an important
organizational safeguard. This requires that at least two PTA officers or
board members agree on an expenditure. If only one person signs a check,
the members can hold that person accountable for an unauthorized withdrawal
or expenditure of funds.
If your annual gross receipts average $25,000 or more (3
year average), you are required to file a Form 990(EZ) within 4-1/2 months
after the end of your fiscal year.
No. Funds cannot be raised through the PTA for an individual,
no matter how worthy the cause.
Yes, profit is not a factor in determining what items you
must collect Alaska sales tax on.
There is no established maximum amount. It will vary, from
PTA to PTA based upon when each holds its fund-raisers. IF you have no fund-raiser
until spring, you will need to carry over more than if your major fund-raisers
are in the early fall. However, a PTA should not raise more funds than is
necessary to carry out its tax-exempt function.
The president may vote on a pending question when the vote
would change the outcome; that is, to make or break a tie. The president
may vote in all cases where the voting is by ballot, but may vote only once.
A ballot can be a slip of paper on which a choice is written,
or it can be prepared in advance and handed out at the appropriate time.
A ballot vote can be specified in the bylaws or it can be used when it it
felt that a secret vote will give a more accurate indication of the assembly's
Yes, but the president must step down from presiding at
a general meeting and let the vice president or aide conduct the meeting
until the matter is resolved. At a more informal meeting such as the executive
board, the president should wait until everybody else has given an opinion
and then he/she may give an opinion.
No. Any business (including elections) to be conducted
at a general meeting without a quorum must be postponed until the next general
meeting or until a special meeting is called in accordance with the local
The Nominating Committee should identify, recruit and nominate
the best qualified candidate for each elected position. To do this, the
committee members must be committed to PTA; be willing to invest time into
making it the best possible organization; and, be capable of holding frank,
honest, candid discussions about the potential nominees knowing that all
conversations are confidential.
Ask someone to nominate you. You must be elected to the
committee. According to "Suggested Bylaws for Local Units,"
Article to be updated:
Officers and Their Election, Section to
be updated, Nominating Committee, the committee is
elected at a regular meeting at least one month prior to the election of
Yes. You may have your name put forth for a position. You
should leave the room, though, while the committee considers your qualifications.
If the Nominating Committee can't fill a position, then
nominations for that position are taken from the floor at the election meeting.
If the election meeting doesn't fill the position, then the executive board
must fill the vacancy. Refer to "Suggested Bylaws for Local Units,"
Article to be updated:
Officers and Their Election, to be
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